Destination Mustang has become very popular for trekking and visiting different natural heritages, gorges, mountains/hills, conservation area, caves and rocks. In the past, most of the foreign tourists would visit this area, but these days the trend has been changed. Flows of Nepalese visitors also are found in this district. From the past Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims have been visiting Muktinath (Lord Vishnu) Temple. Due to growing domestic tourism, Nepali adults/youths and teenagers; especially the college students select Mustang for their short-term tour.This area has now been more famous and many people have got access to this area because of the growing development in tourism sector.Most of the people have known about this area through media sources as many shoots are done in this area full of beautiful scenery.
Mustang is one of the seventy seven districts of Nepal. This northern district lies in Dhaulagiri District of Gandaki Pradesh. Jomsom is the district headquarter of Mustang. It is the remotest area of Nepal that extends northward onto the Tibetan plateau. The highest Himalayas of this district- Dhaulagiri and Annapurna are very famous mountains of northwest Nepal. Kaligandaki river is highly important feature of this district.
This is a high-altitude trans-Himalayan region, that spreads over 3,640 square kilometres in area barely north of the main Himalayan mountain range. Geographically this very cold high-altitude part of the Tibetan highlands.
Major peaks – Dhaulagiri (8167 meters) and Tukuche (6920 meters) are in the west; and Nilgiri (6940 meters) and Annapurna (8091 meters) are situated in the eastern part of the district.
The area receives an average annual rainfall of less than 260 mm at Jomsom in the Lower Mustang. The temperature falls to -2.7 °C in winter and reaches 23.1°C in summer.
Mustang is rich in medicinal and aromatic plants with very high economic and ethno medicinal values. Local people use a number of plants for food, spices, fiber, medicine, fuel, religious purposes, roofing materials, handicrafts etc.
The district is divided into Upper and Lower Mustang. The northern two-thirds of the district is known as Upper Mustang or former Lo Kingdom. Tibetan language and cultural practices prevail in the community of Lopa- Bhotiya people. The southern third or the Thak Khola is the homeland of Thakali people who speak Thakali language and have a Tibetan and Nepalese culture. The main languages spoken are Bhote, Sherpa, and Nepali. The main caste/ ethnic groups are Gurung and Thakali of this part.
The people of Mustang are engaged in agriculture/farming, animal husbandry, fruit production, fruit and agro based industries etc.Many people in Mustang depend on sheep and mountain goat rearing for their livelihood. Some of the points of attraction of animal husbandry are: access to pastureland, proximity to the Kora La border pass, and favourable market prices, as well as and technical help and subsidy from District Livestock Services Office.Yak-cow hybrids (called jhopa, or dzo) are employed as draft animals. Horses are reared largely for transport.In 2016, Mustang earned Nepalese rupee 270 million by exporting 13,000 sheep and 9,000 mountain goats. In 2017, the district supplied at least 25,000 sheep and mountain goats to different markets of Nepal during the Dashain festival. An estimated number of 9,000 mountain goats assumed as imported from Tibet in 2017, though traditional Tibetan traders are increasingly prioritizing Chinese markets.
People in the district are mostly holds small housing units for dwelling.Improved transportation has brought many changes to Upper Mustang.Improved transportation has brought many changes to Upper Mustang.
Mustang is famous for:
Mustang can be reached by airplane from Pokhara to Jomsom and most of the tourists/visitors use bus, jeeps and other vehicles.